being largely a mountain railroad, I've gotten a lot of practice casting
rocks and building trees!
The scenery base is either hardshell or styrofoam overlaid with plaster
or Sculptamold. Rock faces are cast in place using molds made of crumpled foil
(I highly recommend this technique!).
the backdrops, using photographs of the real locations as a guide.
This photo shows part of the ski area on Vasquez Ridge. The shadows of the
trees give real depth to the scene. By the way, I'd never painted anything in my life before
doing these backdrops, so don't let inexperience stop you.
Currently I'm working on painting some 20,000 spruce trees in the Winter Park area...
A dominant scene is the Big 10 Loops section. This
area is basically the edge of the High Plains, so is transitional from
grasslands to a mountain environment. I still have a few finishing touches to
complete (mostly, snowbanks in the shady spots). I built the hopper car
windbreak by sacrificing some old McKean triple hoppers that I had on hand,
spray-painting them tan. The real location has 23 cars-- I have six--
giving you an idea of how much compression is required when model railroading in
a garage... This scene forms a large peninsula in the center of the
||A look at the Big 10 area, as a loaded coal train drifts downgrade
through Clay siding. Note the windbreak cars in the foreground.
That's a temporary digital backdrop of the real area.
|| And here's the actual backdrop, just completed as of May 2008. In this
shot, a pair of SD45T-2's and a Rio Grande SD40T-2 are heading past Clay siding
along the base of the Front Range. I try to blend the foreground scenery
and backdrops as carefully as I can, and with the right camera angle it looks
fairly convincing. The rock outcroppings are the Ralston Buttes,
essentially the southernmost of the rock formations known as the Flatirons which
occur between here and Boulder.
||Another look in the same
general area, with train 101 headed upgrade at Clay. The foreground
scenery is the open ground in the middle of the Big Ten loop. You can see
here the beginning of the transition between the lower and upper levels of the
|This backdrop is eight feet long, made from Masonite hardboard, and
took me about a week in my spare time to paint. See, it really doesn't
have to be a show-stopping project to create a respectable backdrop. I
made it to be removable, since it backs a peninsula that juts into the room (a.k.a.
garage). One thing I did differently here was to cut the backdrop to
shape along the skyline, or horizon, with the sky on separate foam core board
mounted behind. The sky is removable as well. This layered approach
gives a nice feeling of depth.
the east portal of Tunnel 2. Rockwork is done and foliage is progressing.
Backdrop scenery is painted above and below the track here.
The Big Ten landscape began with styrofoam sheets,
followed by Sculptamold and plaster for the final landforms. I then
painted it appropriate colors, and spread yellow grass and sawdust for ground
There is a scenery divider between Plainview and Pinecliffe. The eastern
end is the Tunnel 2 scene, and the western side is the Tunnel 27 scene.
Tunnel 27, the west portal. As the junction between new and "old"
scenery, I had to blend the new foreground scenery into the
existing backdrop. This scene is far up South Boulder Canyon, so the
geology is much different than around Tunnel 2.
my most recent major scenery project, the east portal of tunnel 30. It has
more rockwork castings using the aluminum foil technique, a cast tunnel
interior, and a detailed (and accurate) portal facing. This style shows up
on many tunnels in the Tunnel District.
Most of the trees were created using my technique described below.
Up in the higher elevations, the weather is a bit more severe. Snow is
everywhere and the trees are abundant.
Since I'm modeling the area in winter, there's a lot of snow. I pour
plaster in flowing shapes and paint white, sprinkling silver glitter into the
wet paint (just a little). However, the lower reaches of the layout will
be more typically bare, with just a little snow in the shady areas. In the
photo at left, a manifest train is westbound in the late afternoon at
Hideaway Park, an area completely buried in snow. Vasquez Road is visible
in the trees, as is the chapel.
| (In these photos,
you can see spruce and fir, plus a few commercial trees. The foreground
scenery wasn't in yet, but since this photo it has been completed-- see below.)
daughter and I manufactured a lot of trees of various species--
spruce, ponderosa, fir-- by cutting up Christmas greenery. You need a
lot of trees to fill a forest in Colorado. This photo shows
the CSUX unit train rolling down the grade near Hideaway Park, with the
partially-filled forest in the background.
||An eastbound freight climbs towards Hideaway Park on a bright winter day.
This area is forested with some beautiful custom-made trees kindly given to me
by a friend in Australia. I wish I had another dozen of them.
|| There are a lot of aspens in the valley north of West Portal. Since
it's winter, the trees don't have leaves, which I choose to view as a blessing.
In this photo, a grove of aspens crowds against the right-of-way. I make
the aspens from twigs of sagebrush, carefully selecting pieces and stripping off
the bark. I then paint with white acrylic, splatter with dilute black,
then seal with clear spray paint.
Here are various structures and other scenic elements.
scene of the service tracks at North Yard. Featured are the
scratch-built sand towers and the yard office building, all based on the
an overview of the West Portal area. The bridge at West Portal has
a trestle bent and handrails & supports all made from structural styrene.
The tunnel portal was scratch-built from styrene and detailed, and the ski
lodges were also scratch-built from structural styrene, using photographs to
assist in design and proportions. I make free use of selective compression
to fit structures into scenes.
||A closer look at the tunnel portal. I'm extremely proud of how this turned
out, even though it's not quite finished. One section of chain-link fence
was damaged in the move, and I still need to replace it. Ditto the bridge
handrails. I also need to install the plaques on the two wings of the
portal. Other than that, it's a pretty good representation of the scene
chapel at Hideaway Park is basswood and 3/32" plywood, with sandpaper
shingles. It's free-lanced; my wife and I built it together in about
1983. The far end has a massive stained-glass window.
Note the two
Ford Explorers. They were built from clear-styrene kits, and painted to
match real Ford schemes. Even the license plates are hand-painted.
Here's a close-up of a railfan, standing trackside at tunnel 29 with his
two kids running around in the background. (Yeah, this scene actually
happened in November 1994; that's me. In real life I'm not quite as lumpy,
or at least I wasn't back then...)
||Here's a section shed, built to scale from the
real one at West Portal. I need to backfill a little drifting snow
around the foundation.
||I've been working on beefing up the foreground
scenery. Here a signal shack (modeled after the real one) sits next to
the grade crossing at Vasquez Road. The crossbuck
is also new. Someday I'd like to replace it with a working
flasher-and-gate unit. Signage brings a layout to life.
a look at the unfinished grain elevator at North Yard, owned by Cargill.
There are a couple of tracks that service the elevator. As you can see,
scenery is not finished yet in this area. Still to come: the loading bay
and machinery for the elevator (towards the far end of this photo), plus a
number of other details, and of course, painting. Until recently this elevator
was the largest structure on the layout.
completion is my rendition of Denver Union Terminal, better known as Union
Station. Here we see the Ski Train and the Rio Grande Zephyr
spotted on track 2 and track one, respectively . The structure features
nearly-scale length and scale height, plus an operating neon sign!
Soon to come will be: completed roof, awnings, and platform coverings.
- Ballast is complete.
- Structural lighting is ongoing and looks great.
- Hideaway Park is nearing completion. Lacks one final condo, and a
- West Portal is about 4/5 complete. I still need to repair some damage that
occurred during the move, and complete some details on the lodge.
- The Winter Park siding area is mostly done. The backdrop itself is
largely complete, but must be extended to the north a few feet. I also need to
paint a few hundred skiers on the slopes...
- The Cargill grain elevator is mostly complete. This dude is HUGE.
Probably too big for my layout.
- Union Station is IN PROGRESS! If you thought the grain elevator was
huge, this structure dwarfs it. Fortunately I have the space in that location.
Installing the passenger shelters will be a pretty big job, however.
Long-range plans include the following:
- Rebuild the mountainside behind West Portal. Right now it ends in a
vertical backdrop, not required for the present location, and it feels
crowded. I intend to slope the mountain back like the real thing, which will
also help conceal the helix from curious eyes.
- Complete more condos for Hideaway Park
- Install a working grade-crossing signal at Hideaway Park.
Really long-range plans include:
- Install a working signaling system
- Install the Golden (Coors) branch